In the lifecycle of a mine, there are times when access to land is restricted. Very occasionally, it is necessary to resettle local community members.
This is avoided wherever possible but, when it is essential, we minimise the impact and help restore and improve the livelihood of those affected, working to the International Finance Corporation (IFC) Performance Standard 5: Land Acquisition and Involuntary Resettlement (IFC PS5).
During 2016, resettlement at Orapa which started in 2015 was completed according to the legal requirements of the Government of the Republic of Botswana. Consultants with extensive experience of conducting resettlement were commissioned to review the Orapa resettlement process and to advise on supplementary measures to ensure that the requirements of IFC PS5 were met.
This involved extensive local stakeholder engagement and analysis of the impact on livelihood, including the success of mitigation measures, such as the provision of replacement land. These supplementary measures will be finalised during 2017 and will be monitored and evaluated in collaboration with the stakeholders and the local authorities affected.
The planned expansion at Morupule involved resettling and compensating approximately 180 land rights holders according to the legal requirements of the Government of the Republic of Botswana.
The same process was followed as at Orapa, with experienced consultants advising on the supplementary measures required for the resettlement to meet IFC PS5. Responsibility for conclusion of the resettlement process has passed over to the state mining company, which purchased Morupule during 2016.
In South Africa, three communities have historically made formal land claims under the Restitution of Lands Act to areas in which we operate. These relate to properties owned by DBCM at Venetia, Rooipoort and Hondeklip Bay in Namaqualand. All three claims remain within the court referral stage.