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2018 - 2000


The US arm of the Tlhokomela Trust is launched to facilitate rhino conservation activities with a special focus on fundraising.


De Beers publishes the ‘Turning Finite Resources into Enduring Opportunity’ report, which was launched at the 'Connecting Resources and Society' conference. The report discusses the economic impact of the partnership between the Government of the Republic of Botswana and De Beers.


De Beers Global Sightholder Sales completes its first full year of operation in Botswana and directly contributed US$380 million (nine per cent of the Partnership’s total direct contribution) to GDP. 


Global Sightholder Sales moves from London to Botswana.


With the Government of the Republic of Botswana, we establish DTC Botswana, a company to sort and value all Debswana production and support local diamond manufacturing.

1999 - 1980


Production begins at Jwaneng Mine in Botswana.

1979 - 1960


The Botswana desert gives up more riches when De Beers geologists discover the Jwaneng kimberlite pipe, hidden 150 metres below the surface. It becomes the world’s richest diamond mine by value, producing an average of 11 million carats per year.


We join with the Government of the Republic of Botswana in establishing Debswana, a 50/50 partnership, to develop the Orapa Mine. Production begins in 1971.


A year after Botswana gains its independence from Britain, the Orapa kimberlite pipe is discovered. The second largest pipe in the world, it covers 262 acres at the surface.


Kimberlite, the tell-tale diamond-bearing ore, is discovered by De Beers prospectors in Northern Botswana.